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Rotational Atherectomy

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Rotational atherectomy in the subadventitial space to allow safe and successful chronic total occlusion recanalization: Pushing the limit further Prevalence, Presentation and Treatment of 'Balloon Undilatable' Chronic Total Occlusions: Insights from a Multicenter US Registry A Meta-Analysis of Contemporary Lesion Modification Strategies During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in 244,795 Patients From 22 Studies Rotational atherectomy and new-generation drug-eluting stent implantation Long-term outcomes of rotational atherectomy of underexpanded stents. A single center experience Short-term and long-term clinical outcomes of rotational atherectomy in resistant chronic total occlusion Rotational Atherectomy Followed by Drug-Coated Balloon Dilation for Left Main In-Stent Restenosis in the Setting of Acute Coronary Syndrome Complicated with Right Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion Optical frequency-domain imaging findings to predict good stent expansion after rotational atherectomy for severely calcified coronary lesions Radial Versus Femoral Access for Rotational Atherectomy: A UK Observational Study of 8622 Patients Transverse partial stent ablation with rotational atherectomy for suboptimal culotte technique in left main stem bifurcation
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Review Article2017 Dec;29(12):E167-E176.

JOURNAL:J Invasive Cardiol. Article Link

A Meta-Analysis of Contemporary Lesion Modification Strategies During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in 244,795 Patients From 22 Studies

Danek BA, Karatasakis A, Brilakis ES et al. Keywords: atherectomy, plaque modification, drug-eluting stents, meta-analysis

ABSTRACT


OBJECTIVES - Outcomes with use of lesion-modification strategies in the drug-eluting stent era have received limited study.


METHODS - We conducted a meta-analysis of 22 studies published between 2004-2016 reporting outcomes after use of rotational atherectomy, cutting-balloon, and scoring-balloon angioplasty.


RESULTS - In observational trials, acute luminal gain was higher after lesion modification as compared with control (standardized mean difference, 0.23 mm; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.01-0.44; P=.04), with no difference in acute gain in randomized studies. Compared with control, lesion modification was associated with lower restenosis in randomized trials (odds ratio [OR], 0.64; 95% CI, 0.45-0.90; P=.01). Ninety-day incidence of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) was higher after lesion modification in observational studies (OR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.05-1.83; P=.02), but similar in randomized trials. Ninety-day incidence of target-lesion or target-vessel revascularization (TLR-TVR) and myocardial infarction (MI) was similar. Ninety-day incidence of death was higher after lesion modification in observational studies (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.04-1.95; P=.03), but similar in randomized trials. At 1 year, the MACE rate was similar for lesion modification compared with control in observational studies, but lower after lesion modification in randomized trials (OR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.48-0.88; P<.01). TLR-TVR was higher with lesion modification in observational studies, but lower in randomized trials (OR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.46-0.88; P<.01).


CONCLUSIONS - While observational studies suggest a higher early MACE rate and more restenosis, randomized trials show similar short-term and improved long-term outcomes with pre-stenting lesion modification compared with control.